Understanding the Background of the US Role in the Middle East – 1953 Iranian Coup & America’s Role
Nicholas DeAntonis, Academy of Information Technology & Engineering, Stamford, CT
Grade level: 10
Number of class periods: 2
In the days, weeks, and months after 9/11 Iran was thrust into the center of a heated debate after President George W. Bush included Iran as part of the ‘Axis of Evil’, implying it had facilitated terrorism worldwide. This despite the fact no 9/11 hijackers were from Iran or were known to have assisted the hijackers. While Iran has been easily labeled as America’s enemy following 9/11, what’s the broader history? Why has there been a historic discord between the United States & Iran? While many may point to the 1979 Islamic Revolution or the Iran hostage crisis, the story really starts in 1953. This assignment aims to provide the students a longer view of U.S-Iranian relations and unearth the genesis of discord, while placing in the context of 9/11’s wake.
- Students will have a greater understanding of the role America played in Iran’s 1953 Coup.
- Students will learn how the 1953 coup sowed the seeds for the 1979 Iranian Revolution.
- Students will familiar themselves with American Cold War Policy and its consequences.